Alhamdulillah. We are very much delighted to publish the 4th issue of Manarat International University Studies (MIUS). This issue contains 19 articles of various fields such as Business studies, Science and Engineering, Arts and humanities, Social Sciences, Islamic Studies, Law and Journalism.

All the articles are research based reflecting the scientific, logical and systematic results. Here all the authors have made their significant contributions to the concept, design, execution and interpretation of the research study. MIUS is a peered journal and articles are selected for publication on the recommendations of two reviewers and the Editorial Board.

We are publishing regularly this journal (MIUS) biennially. Although we are inviting articles twice in a year but it is a continuous process of receiving articles from the interested authors. So, we welcome all the authors to send their articles to the address of the Executive Editor at any moment. The Editorial Board will make a short list of the available articles for sending to two reviewers in their respective fields.

It is our pleasure to mention the spontaneous cooperation and encouragement of our Editor in Chief Prof. Dr. Choudhury Mahmood Hasan to produce a quality journal to enhance the standard of MIU. We are very much grateful to the members of the Editorial Board and our Assistant Editors who are extending their helping hands for publishing this issue.

We are also thankful to our authors, reviewers and proof readers who are contributing a lot to enhance the quality and standard of our journal. We are thankful to the personnel who have taken to printing, formatting and organizing this journal efficiently.

We have made an attempt to produce an outstanding publication; still there may be a chance of having mistakes and errors. We shall be highly glad if the readers do not hesitate to report those if any at their earliest convenience.